Ex. 2, p. 435 1.I hear he is writing a new book. 2. I am told he does some translating from
German. 3. I hear he is recovering/getting better. 4. I hear you are going to leave us.
5. I hear they have returned from Great Britain. 6. I'm told that you made an
interesting report yesterday. 7. He has already left for St. Petersburg, I hear. 8. I hear
he sings well. 9. I (can) hear him singing in the next room. 10. We are told that they
are coming the day after tomorrow. 11. I hear yon have received a letter from your
friend Mario. 12. Jane is having a very good time at the seaside, I hear.
Ex. 3, p. 435
a) 1. The Present Perfect is used to express a past action which has a clear result in
the present. It can be called the Present Perfect Resultative. 2. The Present Perfect is
used to denote an action that began in the past, continued for some time and has just
stopped (the Present Perfect Resultative). 3. The Present Perfect Continuous is used
to denote an action which was in progress quite recently and affects the present
situation. This may be called the Present Perfect Continuous Exclusive. 4. The
Present Perfect Resultative/Exclusive (haven't yet said) is used to express a past
action connected with the present through its result. The Present Perfect Continuous
Exclusive (have been waiting) is used to denote an action of some duration which
began at some moment in the past and has just stopped.
b) 1. "How long have you been here?" she demanded angrily. 2. This pair of shoes is
just what I have been looking for to match my new frock. 3. I want you to remember
that I have never asked youforanythingbefore.4. "What's that noise?" — "Mary has broken a tea-cup." 5. I have been thinking about it the last three days. It's such a
bother to me. So it really is a relief to talk it over with you. 6. Listen to me, all of
you! I have come with the most tremendous news. 7.I see you haven't done much.
What have you been doing all morning? 8. It's hard to believe that it has been only
two years and a half since I met him. 9. "We haven't seen Edward for a long time.