health of children at school age.
Aim of work was spend combined hygienic estimation of risk’s factor in
formation of health of pupils who are studying in different school’s educational
establishments (general educational schools/ high schools, lyses, public schools) of
Almaty city and exploitation scientifically well-founded hygienic measure for
improvement sanitary – epidemical well-being of pupils.
Object of investigation was different school’s educational establishment
(general educational schools, high schools, lyses, public schools) which disposed in
conditionally “clean” and “dirty” zones of Almaty city and pupil at age 9-15, who are
studying in it.
In frame of present work studied health of pupils in different school’s
educational establishments of Almaty city. Expose influence of ecological
unsuccessfulness on condition of pupils’ health in different school’s educational
establishments of Almaty city. Ratio of risk (odds radio) in city comp ill – 2,25±003;
in general education hall schools – 0,85±002; in new type of school’s educational
establishments – 1,4±004; i.e. expose relatively high risk for new school’s
High index of sickness in “dirty” region of city (at average on 47,8%) in all
influence of ecological factor on having sickness and in general an condition of
health of growing organism.
On result of studying condition of arrangement of educational process in
different school’s educational establishments is established, that observance of
hygienic demand to educational process in different school’s educational
establishments (according to 11 index 10 parts of normative document) provide only
for 34,9%. Established essential increasing of educational work in general
educational schools till 23,8%, in new form school’s educational establishments till
52,4%/ effectiveness of sanitary task of studying physical education in school’s
According to Comparative studying of sickness of pupils more high indexes
mark in innovative school’s establishments than comparisons with general
educational schools. In high schools – higher on 35,3%, in laces – on 22,7%, in
public schools on 28,8% (p<0,005). Especially high rising of indexes in new type of
schools observed in sickness of eyes and eyes and eyes’ appendage (33,9%), in
sickness of bone – muscular (27,5%) and nervous system on 21,8%.
Comparative studying of indexes of pupils’ physical development show, that
nice harmonious development in general educational schools compile 29,9%, in new
type of schools – 25,3%. Unsatisfactory disharmonious development of II degree – in
general educational establishments compile 57,5%, 38,3% of according to lowering,
19,4% - rise of body’s bulk. In new type of schools this index compile – 61,8% and
difference of general educational schools mainly conclude in (43,6%) rise of body’s
bulk. Ш degree – bad disharmonious development of new model schools was higher
than 32,3% from index of general educational schools.
From sty dying adaptational potential of pupils according ton method of many
regression (R/M/ Baevski, 1993) have taken next indexes; from pupils of general
educational schools – 27,71, high schools – 3,06, lyses – 2,98 and from pupils of
public schools – 3,0/ On the whole in the city adaptational potential of pupil compile
-2,76. Thus, at average adaptation potential of city’s pupils was in limit of II degree
of tension, in new type of school -3, 01, what shows worse adaptation possibility of
Whit help of mathematical modeling fixed up indexes of sanitary – epidemical
well-being (SEW) of school’s educational establishments; General educational
schools – 161,2 (get worse), lycee – 188,7, high schools – 177,9 and public schools –
174,3 (unsatisfactory). At average in the eity index of SEW compile – 186,9 which
correspond to unsatisfactory sanitary – epidemical well-being of school’s educational
Weak material – technical base of medical room of schools and absence of
electronic version of registrations of engagement in source make difficult installation
of timely estimation of health’s condition of growing generation.
Influence of social – hygienic position and biological factors in formation of
pupils’ health ere connected with weak material provision of pupil of general
educational schools, with complication of mutual understanding in a family by age,
rules of day’s routine because of shortage time’s budget/ according to analysis of
questionnaire engagements in 29,3% events fixed up definite tight connection
between health’s condition of children revealing genetic – biological indexes.
Studying reason – inquiry connection between health’s condition of pupils and
some basic risk’s factors of health of pupils are ecological unsuccessfulness (У
81,9 +37,16 Х) and high educational work (У
). School inside risk’s factors in new model school’s educational
establishments express more intensive, than in new model school’s establishments.
From social – hygienic risk’s factors influence of shortage of floor-space and
low level of more express, than bad dwelling house (У
= 21,930 + 1,226 Х
+ 2,195 Х
+ 1, 125 Х
+ 2,112 Х
); From biological factors more express
influence of sickness of parents till birth of baby, hereditary sickness.
Timely estimation of risk is effective tool of control of pupils’ health by
spending of preventive measure.
The results of this work to preserve , improve and create conditions
blagopritnogo student health school of modern school education in practical
assistance to persons and shkolnoobrazovatelnyh shkolnomeditsinskih institutions
offered: 3 guidelines, 2 guidelines, and 1 textbook on hygiene and adolescents to 344
pages, which prenaxnachen just for students hygienic and pediatric departments of
higher and secondary medical schools.
Подписано в печать 15.06.2009 г.
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