Do The learners engage in a variety of tasks and processes which require reflection,
collaboration and group work.
Review The learners reflect on the activity and evaluate the cognitive and affective aspects
which may have helped or hindered their learning both as individuals and as part of the
Learn The learners process the insights and understandings which emerged in the review
stage about the learning. These may touch on:
why purposes in learning how do strategies in learning what result effects in learning how feel feelings in learning when, who with, where context of learning This then leads to learners developing new strategies and/or revising their old
strategies for learning.
Apply Learners reflect on and make plans about using their new or revised strategies in
different learning contexts. The role of the teacher is crucial in these activities in promoting
Do The teacher encourages and supports the learners in engaging actively in the activities,
tasks and processes.
Review The teacher facilitates the reflection, discussion and feedback and supports the
emergence of new understandings and insights and the learners’ evaluation of strategies.
Learn The teacher helps the pupils to make the learning explicit, drawing out the insights and
understandings that emerged in the review stage, helping to compare and contrast present
strategies and how they can be revised and developed for the next stage.
Apply The teacher helps the learners to plan future action differently in the light of new
understanding, by promoting transfer of learning, planning of strategies for specific situations
and contexts, and goal-setting.