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ПМУ ҰС Н 7.18.4/19
С. Торайғыров атындағы Павлодар мемлекеттік университеті
Информатика және ақпараттық жүйелер кафедрасы
6М060200 - Информатика мамандығының магистранттарына арналған
a5202 Ағылшын тілі(кәсіби)
Құрастырушы: ______оқытушы Дюсенгазина Н.Н.
«Информатика және ақпараттық жүйелер» кафедрасы
6М060200– Информатика магистранттарына «Ағылшын тілі(кәсіби)» пәнінің
Бағдарлама 2013 ж. «___»_________ бекітілген оқу жұмыс бағдарламасының
Кафедра отырысында ұсынылды 2013 ж. «___»_________, №_____хаттама
Кафедра меңгерушісі ___________________ Оспанова Н.Н.
ФМжАТ факультетінің оқу-әдістемелік кеңесімен мақұлданды 2013 ж.
ОӘК төрағасы __________ Искакова А.Б. 2013 ж. «____»_____________
Пәннің атауы: Ағылшын тілі(кәсіби)
Таңдау бойынша компонент
Кредиттер саны және оқу мерзімі
Барлығы – 2 кредит
Барлық аудиториялық сағаттар – 45 сағат
Практикалық сабақтар – 45 сағат
СӨЖ – 90 сағат
Жалпы сыйымдылық – 135 сағат
Емтихан(тестілеу, ауызша) – 2 семестр
Тәжірибелік және СОӨЖ жүргізуші: Дюсенгазина Назым
Нигметоллаевна, жаратылыстану ғылымдарының магистрі, оқытушы,
электрондық адрес – firstname.lastname@example.org.
«Информатика және ақпараттық жүйелер» кафедрасы, Ломов көшесі
Кафедрада болу уақыты – сабақ және кезекші кестелеріне сәйкес;
Байланыс телефоны - 8-7182-67-36-87
4 Пәннің мақсаты мен міндеттері
Пәннің мақсаты магистранттарға ағылшын тілін болашақ кәсіптерінде
пайдалануда және оны меңгеруде қажет болатын білімдері мен біліктіктерін
арттыру және дағдыларын дамыту.
құрылымының теориясын оқып білу және сол тілдермен байланысты желіге
қажет құралдармен танысу, компьютермен жұмыс істеу дағдыларын арттыру.
Осы пәнді меңгеруде магистрант болашақ кәсіптерінде желілік
технологияларды пайдалануда және оны меңгеруде қажет болатын білімдерін
мен біліктілігін арттыру.
- құрылым және жазба және ауызекі мәтіннің құрылысының
- сөз тәртібін және кәсіби жанасушылық;
- кәсіби жұмыста ағылшын тілін пайдалана білу.
- практикалық есептерді шешуге арналған жергілікті желілерді жобалау
- қазіргі ағылшын тілінді дамыту перспективалары мен тенденцияларын
mathematics, gear, technology, calculate, data, circuit, variety
create, manufacture, achieve, credit, punch
a) error-prone task, large-scale model, crude technology of the day, electrical
circuit, credit the invention, data processing unit, general-purpose computer
b) несовершенная технология того времени, компьютер общего назначения,
задание с ошибками, электрическая цепь, широкомасштабная модель,
приписывать изобретение, устройство для обработки данных.
While translating the text pay special attention to the italicised sentences.
BRIEF HISTORY OF THE COMPUTER INDUSTRY
In 1822 Charles Babbage, professor of mathematics at Cambridge University
in England, created the “Analytical engine”, a mechanical calculator that could
in those days. Babbage conceived of a large-scale, steam-driven (!) model, that
could perform a wide range of computational tasks. The model has never been
completed as revolving shafts and gears could not be manufactured with the crude
industrial technology of the day.
By the 1880s manufacturing technology had improved to the point that
practical mechanical calculators, including versions of Babbage's Analytical
engine, could be produced. The new technology achieved worldwide fame in
tabulating the US Census of 1890. The Census Bureau turned to a new tabulating
machine invented by Herman Hollerith, which reduced personal data to holes
punched in paper cards.
Tiny mechanical fingers "felt" the holes and closed an electrical circuit that in turn
advanced the mechanical counter. Hollerith's invention eventually became the
foundation on which the International Business Machines Corporation (IBM) was
Analog and digital calculators with electromechanical components appeared in
invention of the first electronic computer to John Vincent Atanasoff. He produced
working models of computer memory and data processing units at the University
of Iowa in 1939 although had never assembled a complete working computer.
World War II prompted the development of the first working all-electronic
digital computer, Colossus, which the British secret service designed to crack Nazi
codes. Similarly, the need to calculate detailed mathematical tables to help aim
cannons and missiles led to the creation of the first, general-purpose computer, the
electronic numerical integrator and calculator ENIAC at the University of
Pennsylvania in 1946.
After leaving their university (arguing over the patent rights) developers of
ENIAC, J. Prosper Eckert and John Mauchly, turned to business pursuits. They
also had an ugly scandal with an academic colleague, John von Neumann, whom
they accused of having unfairly left their names off the scientific paper that first
described the computer and allowed von Neumann to claim that he had invented it.
Eckert and Mauchly went on to create UNIVAC for the Remington Rand
Corporation, an early leader in the computer industry. UNIVAC was the first
successful commercial computer, and the first model was sold to the US Census
Bureau in 1951.
to achieve a fame - достичь славы
to close a circuit - замкнуть цепь
to crack codes - взламывать коды
1. The … has never been completed.
2. The new technology … worldwide fame in tabulating the US Census of 1890.
3. Many people credit the … of the first electronic computer to John Vincent
4. Eckert and Mauchly went on … UNIVAC.
a) carry out
b) to create
c) to sell
1. In 1822 Charles Babbage, professor a. appeared in a variety of military
of mathematics at Cambridge and intelligence applications in 1930s.
University… b. created the “Analytical engine”.
2. The Census Bureau turned … c. after leaving the University.
3. Analog and digital calculators with d. to a new tabulating machine
electromechanical components … invented by Herman Hollerith.
4. World War II prompted the e. of the first working all-electronic
development… digital computer Colossus.
f. the need to calculate detailed
equipment, project, research, expertise, competition, user, successor
finance, clack, capitalize, threaten, switch, add
digital, current, heavy, peripheral, entire, previous, compatible
current name, fourth-rank computer producer, punch-card technology, key-punch
machine, software and hardware, high-performance supercomputer market,
model, room-sized mainframe computer
Exercise 3. Match the antonyms.
a) take away
Before reading the passage "The Rise of IBM" read the italicised sentences of
previous text, highlighting the main stages of computer development.
What facts are of interest to you?
THE RISE OF IBM
IBM started in the late nineteenth century as manufacturer of
electromechanical office tabulating equipment: the company took its current name
in 1924. It financed one of the first digital computers, a clacking electromechanical
monster known as Mark I, in 1943. IBM's first president Thomas Watson, Sr.,
commissioned the project, possibly as an expensive publicity stunt - research,
advertising, and publicity-all came out of the same budget in those days. IBM did
not immediately enter the computer business after the war and did not deliver its
first computer until 1953. In 1954 IBM was only the fourth-ranked computer
producer, well behind computer industry pioneer - Radio Corporation of America
(RCA). That year IBM introduced the Model 650, the first computer to utilize
Over the next decade, IBM made heavy investments in research and development
under Thomas Watson, Jr., who took over from his father as IBM
president in the mid-1950s. IBM capitalized on its manufacturing expertise to
produce a full line of peripheral equipment: printers terminals, keypunch machines
for other computer manufacturers.
By the mid-1950s, IBM threatened to dominate the entire computer industry
with its fast-selling Model 650. IBM also offered its computers for sale for the first
time instead of renting them as it previously had insisted. This allowed leasing
companies to buy computer equipment from IBM and then rent it to computer
users at prices lower than IBM itself could charge.
These changes opened up competition in the computer services and equipment
In April 1964 IBM introduced the Model 360, the first computer that came in a
variety of sizes and that was compatible with many different applications. Software
and peripheral devices that worked on any one of the versions also worked on the
others and were also "backward compatible" with earlier IBM models. Before,
users had to start over with entirely new software, printers, terminals and so on,
whenever they switched to a larger computer or added a new application. The
Model 360 and
its successor, the Model 370, led the company to dominance of both U.S. and
IBM's enormous success with room-sized mainframe computers eventually
proved its undoing. It made unsuccessful entries into many of the specialized
computer markets that later emerged. IBM abandoned the high-performance
supercomputer market in the 1960s, and it entirely missed the minicomputer trend,
pioneered in the early 1960s by Digital Equipment Corporation.
By the time IBM came out with its own models, minicomputers were about to
be made obsolete by another new product that IBM ultimately failed to capitalize
on the desktop-sized personal computer.
unbeatable competition - непреодолимая конкуренция
to charge a price - назначать цену
to be about to … - (зд.) начинать
to make entry – вступать
Exercise 1. True or false? Find sentences in the text that support your point of
1. IBM started in the late twentieth century as manufacturer of electromechanical
office tabulating equipment.
2. IBM took its current name in 1924.
3. IBM immediately entered the computer business after the war.
4. IBM always was the first-ranked computer producer.
5. By the mid 1950s, IBM threatened to dominate the entire computer industry
a) to sell a full line of peripheral equipment.
b) to produce a full line of peripheral equipment.
c) to rent peripheral equipment.
2. IBM also offered its computer …
a) for sale for the first time.
b) for improvement for the first time.
c) for expert for the first time.
3. The models 360 and 370 led the company …
a) to bankruptcy.
b) to dominance of both US and international markets.
c) to establishment of a new joint venture with Japanese companies.
4. By the time IBM came out with its own models, mini computers …
a) became very popular everywhere.
b) were sold especially abroad.
c) were about to be made obsolete by another new product.
issue, language, success, inclusion, equipment, phenomenon, wealth,
multimedia, sound, capability, guidance
announce, cause, assemble, match, allow, worry
possible, colorful, immediate, convenient, remarkable, exclusive, proprietary
use, develop, design, manufacture, assemble, program, invent, perform
Exercise 3. Find the equivalents.
Exercise 4. Remember the meaning of the terms that you will find in the text.
1. Spread sheet package - a kind of computer programs that you calculate data on
sale, taxis, profits and so on.
2. Floppy disk - a disk made of plastic material upon which data are stored on
3. Compatible - it is usually said about two computers when their programs can be
run on both of them.
4. Peripheral devices, or peripherals are units connected to the central processing
units (CPU); they are input devices, output devices and storage devices.
5. Input is the process of transferring data or program instruction into the computer.
6. Output is the result produced by a computer.
7. Storage is the process of keeping information in a special device in computer.
8. Software may be denoted as a set of programs or instructions executed by the
9. Hardware is a computer machinery and equipment.
10.Digital computer is a type of computer that uses a binary system.
11.Chip is a tiny piece of silicon containing a complex electronic circuits.
The first personal computer, the Altair, was announced in Popular Electronics
in its January 1975 issue. The Altair was also the first example of new computer
hardware. It caused a sensation in the computer industry: those who wanted could
have their own computers to play with at home, and a mighty computer industry
soon began to grow.
A young computer hacker from Seattle by the name of William Gates, then a
run on their machine and that made it possible to program many advanced
Emboldened by their success with Altair, Gates and his friend founded Microsoft
Corporation, which has become the world's largest personal computer software
microcomputer - the Apple. The second iteration of their design, the Apple II,
included such amenities as a keyboard*, a built-in power supply**, and a color
monitor (all lacking in the first version) and was an immediate success following
its introduction in 1977.
With the inclusion of a floppy disk drive that stored computer-readable data on
a flexible plastic disc, the Apple II added a convenient way to read computer
programs. This development truly gave birth to the phenomenon of personal
In 1979 a remarkable program called VisiCalc appeared and made it possible
for the personal computer to manipulate complex arrays of data. VisiCalc not only
racked up impressive sales as a computer software package but also spurred
adoption of the Apple II itself.
IBM made its entry in l981 with its Personal Computer (PC) which was
tremendously successful, soon outstripping sales of Apple and other early personal
computers. However, revenues from IBM's traditional computer business soon
began a long-term decline. IBM was unable to dominate personal computers as it
had the mainframe market, since IBM had exclusive rights neither to the central
processing chip that was the "brains" of the personal computer nor to the disk
operating system (DOS) software that made the hardware perform its basic
The Intel Corporation, which made the chips, and Microsoft, which made the
software, were free to sell their products to all comers. Microsoft developed a full
line of software, such as word-processing and spreadsheet packages***, that
rivaled IBM's own. Thus, it took only a matter of months to create "clones" of the
IBM PC with technical specifications that matched the IBM machines and that
would run all of the same software, at a much lower cost.
Meanwhile, Apple Computer began the transition to a multibillion-dollar
corporation by maintaining control of its own destiny with a proprietary operating
system and with a wealth of attractive and "user friendly" software applications,
allowing it to charge premium places for its computers. Continuing the apple
motif, it called its next successful computer the Mackintosh.
Apple also specialized in the development of multimedia computers with
advanced sound and moving image display capabilities. Because Apple produced
only personal computers, it could focus its attention on that market, while IBM had
to worry about protecting its mainframe business.
Microsoft emerged as a major force in the personal computer industry as the
profits shifted from the hardware to the software end of the industry. Under the
continuing guidance of William Gates, Microsoft had become a multibillion-dollar
own efforts to update DOS and had an easy-to-use interface not unlike Apple's
Microsoft produced a full range of software packages that were among the leaders
*a row of keys on a computer that you press to make it work
**a system that is used to supply computer with electricity
***a kind of computer programs that can calculate data on sale, taxes, profit, etc.
arrays of data – совокупность данных
matter of months - вопрос месяцев
virtually - фактически
to rack up impressive sales – достичь высокого уровня продажи